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Senegal

Medicinal plants and society

Localization map - Senegal

Period: 2001-2002

Area: Senegal

Activities: Cultivation of anti-malarial plants, research on medicinal plants

The objective of this programme was to establish a secure and standardised alternative source of public healthcare. It primarily involved a series of research projects concerning malaria and its treatment.

Cultivation of the Sweet Wormwood (Artemisia annua) in Senegal © Nomad RSI - 127.1 kb

Operational research was conducted on Sweet Wormwood (Artemisia annua) – a plant with exceptional anti-malarial properties – in agronomy, phytochemistry and toxicology.

The programme sought to establish the viability of growing Artemisia annua in different locales through experimental and trial cultivation. Different cultivation techniques were tested and environmental, climatic and altitudinal variations were examined. The results were included in a comparative study with a similar project undertaken by Nomad RSI in Cambodia.

The project’s aims were to raise Artemisia annua plants adapted to the local conditions and to reliably reproduce plants containing a satisfactory and stable level of Artemisinine (the main anti-malarial component). This pre-requisite, once attained, enabled the formulation of a clear protocol for larger-scale cultivation. This protocol is a tool contributing to further exploration into the therapeutic potential of the plant in the global fight against malaria.

Research into local medicinal plant use included a survey of medicinal plants, botanical identification of useful species and study of their therapeutic and social uses. A second research theme surveyed plants used across Senegal for the treatment of malaria.

Partners

Cheikh Anta Diop University (UCAD), Dakar, ENDA Madesahel and ENDA Plantes Médicinales (Senegal); The Royal University of Agriculture, Phnom Penh (Cambodia); ENSIACET-University of Toulouse, Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie (France).

Other past projects

- Cambodia - Preah Vihear
- Nepal
- India - Karnataka
- India - Tamil Nadu
- Andorra

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